Literature Archive

Explore this multi-disciplinary archive including peer-reviewed research, books, news articles, conference proceedings and more! (Note: This archive is under construction, more coming soon!)

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Recent Publications (2020-2021)

2021

Kone DV, Tinker MT, Torres LG (2021) Informing sea otter reintroduction through habitat and human interaction assessment. Endang Species Res 44:159-176.

Smith, J. G., Tomoleoni, J., Staedler, M., Lyon, S., Fujii, J., & Tinker, M. T. (2021). Behavioral responses across a mosaic of ecosystem states restructure a sea otter–urchin trophic cascadeProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences118(11).

Tanaka, K.R., Van Houtan, K.S., Mailander, E. et al. North Pacific warming shifts the juvenile range of a marine apex predator. Sci Rep 11, 3373 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82424-9

2020

Boustany, A. M., Hernandez, D. A., Miller, E. A., Fujii, J. A., Nicholson, T. E., Tomoleoni, J. A., & Van Houtan, K. S. (2020). Examining the potential conflict between sea otter recovery and Dungeness crab fisheries in CaliforniaBiological Conservation253, 108830.

Burt, J. M., Wilson, Ḵ. I. B. J., Malchoff, T., Mack, W. T. K. A., Davidson, S. H. A., & Salomon, A. K. (2020). Enabling coexistence: Navigating predator‐induced regime shifts in human‐ocean systemsPeople and Nature.

Costa, M., Le Baron, N., Tenhunen, K., Nephin, J., Willis, P., Mortimor, J. P., … & Rubidge, E. (2020). Historical distribution of kelp forests on the coast of British Columbia: 1858–1956. Applied Geography, 120, 102230.

Estes, J. A., & Carswell, L. P. (2020). Costs and benefits of living with predatorsScience368(6496), 1178-1180.

Gregr, E. J., Christensen, V., Nichol, L., Martone, R. G., Markel, R. W., Watson, J. C., & Chan, K. M. (2020). Cascading social-ecological costs and benefits triggered by a recovering keystone predatorScience368(6496), 1243-1247.

Moss, M. L. (2020). Did Tlingit Ancestors Eat Sea Otters? Addressing Intellectual Property and Cultural Heritage through ZooarchaeologyAmerican Antiquity85(2), 202-221.

Nicholson, T. E., Mayer, K. A., Staedler, M. M., Gagné, T. O., Murray, M. J., Young, M. A., … & Van Houtan, K. S. (2020). Robust age estimation of southern sea otters from multiple morphometricsEcology and Evolution10(16), 8592-8609.

Rasher, Douglas B., et al. “Keystone predators govern the pathway and pace of climate impacts in a subarctic marine ecosystem.” Science 369.6509 (2020): 1351-1354.

Wellman, H. P., Austin, R. M., Dagtas, N. D., Moss, M. L., Rick, T. C., & Hofman, C. A. (2020). Archaeological mitogenomes illuminate the historical ecology of sea otters (Enhydra lutris) and the viability of reintroductionProceedings of the Royal Society B287(1940), 20202343.

Climate Change/Ocean Warming (Sea Otters)

Tanaka, K.R., Van Houtan, K.S., Mailander, E. et al. North Pacific warming shifts the juvenile range of a marine apex predator. Sci Rep 11, 3373 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82424-9

Sea Otter Anatomy & Physiology

Nicholson, T. E., Mayer, K. A., Staedler, M. M., Gagné, T. O., Murray, M. J., Young, M. A., … & Van Houtan, K. S. (2020). Robust age estimation of southern sea otters from multiple morphometricsEcology and Evolution10(16), 8592-8609.

Chai, H., Lee, J. J. W., Constantino, P. J., Lucas, P. W., & Lawn, B. R. (2009). Remarkable resilience of teeth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences106(18), 7289-7293.

Costa, D. P., & Kooyman, G. L. (1982). Oxygen consumption, thermoregulation, and the effect of fur oiling and washing on the sea otter, Enhydra lutrisCanadian Journal of Zoology60(11), 2761-2767.

Morrison, P., Rosenmann, M., & Estes, J. A. (1974). Metabolism and thermoregulation in the sea otter. Physiological zoology47(4), 218-229.

Sea Otter Ecology

Smith, J. G., Tomoleoni, J., Staedler, M., Lyon, S., Fujii, J., & Tinker, M. T. (2021). Behavioral responses across a mosaic of ecosystem states restructure a sea otter–urchin trophic cascadeProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences118(11).

Erlandson, J. M., Rick, T. C., Estes, J. A., Graham, M. H., Braje, T. J., & Vellanoweth, R. L. (2005). Sea otters, shellfish, and humans: 10,000 years of ecological interaction on San Miguel Island, California. In Proceedings of the sixth California Islands symposium (pp. 58-69). Arcata, California: Institute for Wildlife Studies.

Estes, J. A., Riedman, M. L., Staedler, M. M., Tinker, M. T., & Lyon, B. E. (2003). Individual variation in prey selection by sea otters: patterns, causes and implications. Journal of Animal Ecology72(1), 144-155.

Estes, J. A., Tinker, M. T., Williams, T. M., & Doak, D. F. (1998). Killer whale predation on sea otters linking oceanic and nearshore ecosystemsscience282(5388), 473-476.

Estes, J. A., & Duggins, D. O. (1995). Sea otters and kelp forests in Alaska: generality and variation in a community ecological paradigm. Ecological Monographs65(1), 75-100.

Estes, J. A., & Palmisano, J. F. (1974). Sea otters: their role in structuring nearshore communitiesScience185(4156), 1058-1060.

Fujii, J. A., Ralls, K., & Tinker, M. T. (2015). Ecological drivers of variation in tool-use frequency across sea otter populationsBehavioral Ecology26(2), 519-526.

Johnson, C. K., Tinker, M. T., Estes, J. A., Conrad, P. A., Staedler, M., Miller, M. A., … & Mazet, J. A. (2009). Prey choice and habitat use drive sea otter pathogen exposure in a resource-limited coastal system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences106(7), 2242-2247.

Monson, D. H., Estes, J. A., Bodkin, J. L., & Siniff, D. B. (2000). Life history plasticity and population regulation in sea ottersOikos90(3), 457-468.

Riedman, M. L., & Estes, J. A. (1988). A review of the history, distribution and foraging ecology of sea otters. In The community ecology of sea otters (pp. 4-21). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Simenstad, C. A., Estes, J. A., & Kenyon, K. W. (1978). Aleuts, sea otters, and alternate stable-state communities. Science200(4340), 403-411.

Tinker, M. T., Bentall, G., & Estes, J. A. (2008). Food limitation leads to behavioral diversification and dietary specialization in sea ottersProceedings of the national Academy of Sciences105(2), 560-565.

Sea Otter Population Dynamics and Social Factors

Kone DV, Tinker MT, Torres LG (2021) Informing sea otter reintroduction through habitat and human interaction assessment. Endang Species Res 44:159-176.

Boustany, A. M., Hernandez, D. A., Miller, E. A., Fujii, J. A., Nicholson, T. E., Tomoleoni, J. A., & Van Houtan, K. S. (2020). Examining the potential conflict between sea otter recovery and Dungeness crab fisheries in CaliforniaBiological Conservation253, 108830.

Gregr, E. J., Christensen, V., Nichol, L., Martone, R. G., Markel, R. W., Watson, J. C., & Chan, K. M. (2020). Cascading social-ecological costs and benefits triggered by a recovering keystone predatorScience368(6496), 1243-1247.

Burt, J. M., Wilson, Ḵ. I. B. J., Malchoff, T., Mack, W. T. K. A., Davidson, S. H. A., & Salomon, A. K. (2020). Enabling coexistence: Navigating predator‐induced regime shifts in human‐ocean systemsPeople and Nature.

Estes, J. A., & Carswell, L. P. (2020). Costs and benefits of living with predatorsScience368(6496), 1178-1180.

Wellman, H. P., Austin, R. M., Dagtas, N. D., Moss, M. L., Rick, T. C., & Hofman, C. A. (2020). Archaeological mitogenomes illuminate the historical ecology of sea otters (Enhydra lutris) and the viability of reintroductionProceedings of the Royal Society B287(1940), 20202343.

Tinker, M. T., Gill, V. A., Esslinger, G. G., Bodkin, J., Monk, M., Mangel, M., … & Kissling, M. L. (2019). Trends and carrying capacity of sea otters in Southeast Alaska. The Journal of Wildlife Management83(5), 1073-1089

Bodkin, J. L., Esslinger, G. G., & Monson, D. H. (2004). Foraging depths of sea otters and implications to coastal marine communitiesMarine Mammal Science20(2), 305-321.

Bodkin, J. L., Ballachey, B. E., Cronin, M. A., & Scribner, K. T. (1999). Population demographics and genetic diversity in remnant and translocated populations of sea ottersConservation Biology13(6), 1378-1385.

Chadès, I., Curtis, J. M., & Martin, T. G. (2012). Setting realistic recovery targets for two interacting endangered species, sea otter and northern abaloneConservation Biology26(6), 1016-1025.

Doroff, A. M., Estes, J. A., Tinker, M. T., Burn, D. M., & Evans, T. J. (2003). Sea otter population declines in the Aleutian archipelagoJournal of Mammalogy84(1), 55-64.

Estes, J., Hatfield, B. B., Ralls, K., & Ames, J. (2003). Causes of mortality in California sea otters during periods of population growth and decline. Marine Mammal Science19(1), 198-216.

Estes, J. A., Doak, D. F., Bodkin, J. R., Jameson, R. J., Monson, D., Watt, J., & Tinker, M. T. (1996). Comparative demography of sea otter populationsEndangered Species Update13(12), 11-13.

Estes, J. A. (1991). Catastrophes and conservation: lessons from sea otters and the Exxon ValdezIUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin, 2.

Estes, J. A. (1990). Growth and equilibrium in sea otter populationsThe Journal of Animal Ecology, 385-401.

Larson, S., Jameson, R., Etnier, M., Jones, T., & Hall, R. (2012). Genetic diversity and population parameters of sea otters, Enhydra lutris, before fur trade extirpation from 1741–1911. PLoS One7(3).

Johnson, C. K., Tinker, M. T., Estes, J. A., Conrad, P. A., Staedler, M., Miller, M. A., … & Mazet, J. A. (2009). Prey choice and habitat use drive sea otter pathogen exposure in a resource-limited coastal systemProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences106(7), 2242-2247.

Larson, S., Jameson, R., Bodkin, J., Staedler, M., & Bentzen, P. (2002). Microsatellite DNA and mitochondrial DNA variation in remnant and translocated sea otter (Enhydra lutris) populationsJournal of Mammalogy83(3), 893-906.

Tinker, M. T., Doak, D. F., & Estes, J. A. (2008). Using demography and movement behavior to predict range expansion of the southern sea otterEcological Applications18(7), 1781-1794.

The Kelp Ecosystem

Costa, M., Le Baron, N., Tenhunen, K., Nephin, J., Willis, P., Mortimor, J. P., … & Rubidge, E. (2020). Historical distribution of kelp forests on the coast of British Columbia: 1858–1956. Applied Geography, 120, 102230.

Rasher, Douglas B., et al. “Keystone predators govern the pathway and pace of climate impacts in a subarctic marine ecosystem.” Science 369.6509 (2020): 1351-1354.

Dayton, P. K., Tegner, M. J., Edwards, P. B., & Riser, K. L. (1998). Sliding baselines, ghosts, and reduced expectations in kelp forest communitiesEcological Applications8(2), 309-322.

Filbee-Dexter, K., & Scheibling, R. E. (2014). Sea urchin barrens as alternative stable states of collapsed kelp ecosystems. Marine ecology progress series495, 1-25.

Hamilton, S. L., & Caselle, J. E. (2015). Exploitation and recovery of a sea urchin predator has implications for the resilience of southern California kelp forests. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences282(1799), 20141817.

Hamilton, S. L., Newsome, S. D., & Caselle, J. E. (2014). Dietary niche expansion of a kelp forest predator recovering from intense commercial exploitationEcology95(1), 164-172.

Pearse, J. S., & Hines, A. H. (1979). Expansion of a central California kelp forest following the mass mortality of sea urchins. Marine Biology51(1), 83-91.

Steneck, R. S., Graham, M. H., Bourque, B. J., Corbett, D., Erlandson, J. M., Estes, J. A., & Tegner, M. J. (2002). Kelp forest ecosystems: biodiversity, stability, resilience and futureEnvironmental conservation29(4), 436-459.

Tegner, M. J., & Dayton, P. K. (1991). Sea urchins, El Ninos, and the long term stability of Southern California kelp forest communities. Marine ecology progress series. Oldendorf77(1), 49-63.

Tegner, M. J., & Dayton, P. K. (1981). Population structure, recruitment and mortality of two sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus franciscanus and S. purpuratus) in a kelp forestMar Ecol Prog Ser5(255), 68.

Oregon Sea Otters in Anthropology and Pre-History

Moss, M. L. (2020). Did Tlingit Ancestors Eat Sea Otters? Addressing Intellectual Property and Cultural Heritage through ZooarchaeologyAmerican Antiquity85(2), 202-221.

Braje, T. J., & Rick, T. C. (Eds.). (2011). Human impacts on seals, sea lions, and sea otters: integrating archaeology and ecology in the Northeast Pacific. Univ of California Press.

Erlandson, J. M., Braje, T. J., Gill, K. M., & Graham, M. H. (2015). Ecology of the kelp highway: did marine resources facilitate human dispersal from Northeast Asia to the Americas?. The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology10(3), 392-411.

Erlandson, J. M., Graham, M. H., Bourque, B. J., Corbett, D., Estes, J. A., & Steneck, R. S. (2007). The kelp highway hypothesis: marine ecology, the coastal migration theory, and the peopling of the AmericasThe Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology2(2), 161-174.

Hall, R. L., Ebert, T. A., Gilden, J. S., Hatch, D. R., Mrakovcich, K. L., & Smith, C. L. (2012). Ecological baselines for Oregon’s coast: a report for agencies that manage Oregon’s coastal habitats for ecological and economic sustainability, and for all who are interested in the welfare of wildlife that inhabit our coast and its estuaries.

Hall, R. L. (2009). Background resources and references for “The Oregon Coast before the arrival of Europeans”.

Larson, S., Jameson, R., Etnier, M., Jones, T., & Hall, R. (2012). Genetic diversity and population parameters of sea otters, Enhydra lutris, before fur trade extirpation from 1741–1911. PLoS One7(3).

Lee Lyman, R. (1988). Zoogeography of Oregon coast marine mammals: The last 3,000 years. Marine Mammal Science4(3), 247-264.

Szpak, P., Orchard, T. J., McKechnie, I., & Gröcke, D. R. (2012). Historical ecology of late Holocene sea otters (Enhydra lutris) from northern British Columbia: isotopic and zooarchaeological perspectives. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(5), 1553-1571.

Valentine, K., Duffield, D. A., Patrick, L. E., Hatch, D. R., Butler, V. L., Hall, R. L., & Lehman, N. (2008). Ancient DNA reveals genotypic relationships among Oregon populations of the sea otter (Enhydra lutris). Conservation Genetics9(4), 933-938.

Books

Braje, T. J., & Rick, T. C. (Eds.). (2011). Human impacts on seals, sea lions, and sea otters: integrating archaeology and ecology in the Northeast Pacific. Univ of California Press.

Larson, S. E., Bodkin, J. L., & VanBlaricom, G. R. (Eds.). (2014). Sea otter conservation. Academic Press.

Kenyon, K. W. (1969). The sea otter in the eastern Pacific Ocean (No. 68). US Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife.

Terborgh, J., & Estes, J. A. (Eds.). (2013). Trophic cascades: predators, prey, and the changing dynamics of nature. Island Press.

Elakha Conference Proceedings

2020 Sea Otter Virtual Science Symposium

Keynote Address from Dr. Jim Estes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNv8wWuvooM&t=413s

01 Scott Groth Sea Urchin Biology & Management in Oregon https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r3UcHQPESMw&t=4s

02 Sara Hamilton Conservation Status of Pycnopodia https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h_vw6lMeins&t=4s

03 Josh Smith Patchiness in Kelp & Urchin Barrens https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u0C5q3hH-_A&t=11s

04 Brent Hughes Effects of Sea Otters Recolonizing Estuaries https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TiNwM2VP0wk&t=10s

05 Considerations for Recolonization of Sea Otters in Oregon https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G2d-gY9Lf2w&t=42s

2018 Oregon Sea Otter Status of Knowledge Symposium

01  Ann Salomon/Barbara Wilson Sea Otters as a Keyston Specie  https://youtu.be/3-PoobUS7nA

02  Lilian Carswell California Population Status and and Conservation Issues https://youtu.be/-l70hvmhEsI

03  Deanna Lynch  Washington Populations Status and Conservation Issues  https://youtu.be/DaHFcjeVkSQ

04  Jim Bodkin  British Columbia Population Status and Conservation Issues https://youtu.be/3RCn89n4u7Y

05  Jim Bodkin  Alaska Population Status and Conservation Issues https://youtu.be/CTy2x-2LRyk

06  Shawn Larson Current Understanding of Sea Otter Genetics  https://youtu.be/h6vaSSrQNvU

07  Bobbi Hall Sea Otters in Oregon, Archeological Evidence  https://youtu.be/Dz9mH40tR74

08  Hannah Wellman  Oregon Coast as Transitional Zone for Sea Otters (subspecies grandient) https://youtu.be/MfKGM4whfXk

09  Sarah Hamilton Kelp Habitat on the Oregon Coast  https://youtu.be/8Tr74fyVfNc

10  Dominique Kone  Revisiting the Oregon Translocations of 1970-71 https://youtu.be/EFyLbB_nBeU

11  Jim Bodkin Lessons Learned about Sea Otter Translocation